5K-4.043. Dating; Standards for Milk, Milk Products, Manufactured Milk Products and Frozen Deserts  

Effective on Monday, April 14, 2008
  • 1(1) Shelf-Life Dating and Expiration Dating.

    7(a) All milk and milk products shall be legibly labeled with their shelf-life date. The date or date code for frozen desserts and other manufactured milk products shall be approved by the department and shall indicate the date of manufacture of the product or the last day the product is to be offered for sale. The standards for labeling for all products shall be in accordance with 7421 CFR, 76Part 101, adopted by reference in paragraph 835D-1.001(1)(b), 84F.A.C.

    85(b) The methods for the determination of the shelf-life of milk and milk products shall be microbiological and organoleptical.

    104(c) The shelf-life expiration date shall appear in conspicuous and easily legible bold-face print or type in distinct contrast to the background, by typography, layout, color, embossing, debossing, or molding of other matter on the package, and shall be placed on that part of the container most likely to be displayed, presented, or shown, or examined under customary conditions of display for retail sale, and shall not interfere with legibility or other mandatory labeling requirements of the product. However, cup containers that are labeled with the date on the bottom shall have displayed on the cap information concerning the location of the date.

    207(d) The shelf-life expiration date shall be expressed by the three letters of the month followed by the numeral or numerals constituting the appropriate calendar date or numerically. For example: “June 1” shall be expressed “JUN 1” or “0601.”

    246(e) No milk or milk products shall be offered for sale as a grade A product after the shelf-life expiration date shown on the container. All milk and milk products offered for sale after the shelf-life expiration date will be deemed to be misbranded and subject to be impounded and made unsalable or otherwise disposed of by the department, under the provisions of Section 310502.231, F.S.

    312(f) This rule does not apply to containers of milk or milk products which are not to be sold in the State of Florida.

    336(g) Each processor shall certify to the department the maximum shelf-life of each product in the hands of the consumer under normal storage conditions. Provided, however, the maximum shelf-life of fluid uncultured milk pasteurized at less than 270374 375F shall not exceed ten days from date of packaging unless technical supporting justification has been supplied to the department, the department has confirmed such shelf-life claims, and specific authority to use a longer shelf-life has been granted by t415he department.

    417(2) Shelf – Life Testing and Testing Procedures.

    425(a) Milk product samples shall be held at 43434 435F (plus or minus 2440 441F) for the shelf life period plus four (4) days and analyzed to determine that shelf-life expiration dates stated on the conta463iners assure the consumer of acceptable quality milk and milk products when kept under normal storage conditions. The temperature at the time of collection shall be officially recorded by the collector. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to prohibit the department from taking special samples for analysis and making special tests in order to assure all milk and milk products comply with the minimum standards of freshness, quality and palatability. In the event the department determines a processor’s or a manufacturer’s shelf-life for a given product is improper, the department shall immediately take such samples as are necessary for full and complete recheck of the shelf-life of the product. If the full and complete recheck confirms that the shelf-life of the product is improper, the department shall serve written notice on the processor or manufacturer and the processor or manufacturer immediately upon receipt of such notice shall alter the shelf-life expiration date of the product to comply with the department tests. Compliance shall be with the next processing of the product after receipt of such department notice.

    640(b) To extend the shelf-life expiration date of a qualifying product, the processor shall submit a written request to the Division of Dairy Industry specifying the product to be tested and supplying test results which indicate that the product is acceptable for at least ten (10) days or for an additional two (2) days over the current code period. This information must be compiled from current records that cover a period of at least thirty (30) days. The department will collect in Florida two series of duplicate samples of the product during a four week period. The first duplicate sample will be used for routine analysis, the second will be stored at 43° F plus or minus 2° F until six (6) days past the expiration date and then evaluated as acceptable or unacceptable. Both series of samples must be acceptable for six (6) days past the expiration date for the extension request to be granted. If acceptable, the processor will be notified in writing and the product must remain at this new code level for at least six (6) months before any additional code is requested. If unacceptable, the processor will be notified in writing and at least six (6) months must pass before another request is initiated for the product.

    852(3) Chemical, bacteriological and temperature standards for manufacture of grade A products:

    864Grade A raw milk for pasteurization, ultra pasteurization or aseptic processing.

    875Temperature, Bacterial Limits, Drugs, and Somatic

    881Standards shall be the same as those listed in Section 7 of the PMO.

    895Cell Count


    898Added Water

    900Freezing point not to exceed -0.526º H.

    907Grade A pasteurized or ultra pasteurized milk and milk products and bulk shipment heat treated milk products.

    924Temperature, Bacterial Limits, Coliform, Phosphatase, and Drugs

    931Standards shall be the same as those listed in Section 7 of the


    945Added Water

    947Freezing point not to exceed -0.526º H.

    954Grade A aseptically processed milk and milk products.

    962Temperature, Bacterial Limits and Limits and Drugs

    969Standards shall be the same as those listed in Section 7 of the PMO.

    983Added Water

    985Freezing point not to exceed -0.526º H.

    992(4) Chemical, bacteriological and temperature standards for Frozen Desserts:

    1001Raw Milk and Cream.


    1006Not to exceed 45º F (7º C).

    1013Bacterial Limits

    1015Milk – not to exceed 500,000 CFU/ml. In no case shall raw milk have a standard

    1032plate or direct microscopic clump


    1038count in excess of 1,000,000 CFU/ml.


    1047Milk and cream – No positive result with drug residue methods referenced in Section 6 of

    1063the PMO.

    1065Somatic Cell Count

    1068Not to exceed 750,000/ml; Goat’s milk – Not to exceed



    1083Frozen Desserts and Other Products Defined in this chapter.


    1093Pasteurized Mix (plain) 45º F (7º C). Pasteurized Mix


    1103(flavored) 45º F (7º C). Frozen Desserts 0º F (-17.8º C).


    1115Other – 0º F (-17.8º C).

    1121Bacterial Limits*

    1123Pasteurized Mix (plain) 50,000 CFU/gram. Pasteurized Mix


    1132(flavored) 50,000 CFU/gram. Frozen Desserts – 50,000 CFU/gram. Other – 50,000 CFU/gram.


    1148No positive result with drug residue methods referenced in Section 6 of the PMO.


    1163Pasteurized Mix (plain) 10 CFU/gram. Pasteurized Mix (flavored) 20 CFU/gram. Frozen Desserts (plain) 10


    1178CFU/gram. Frozen Desserts (bulky flavored) 20 CFU/gram.


    1186Other (plain) 10 CFU/gram. Other (bulky flavored) 20




    1197Less than 1 microgram per ml. (less than 500 milliunits/L


    1208by the Fluorometric Procedure) or equivalent.

    1214*Not applicable to cultured products

    1219Dry Dairy Products

    1222Dry dairy products used as ingredients in frozen desserts shall meet the requirements for “Extra Grade” or better as defined by the U.S. Standards for Grades for the particular product.

    1252(5) Chemical, Bacteriological, and Temperature Standards for Manufactured Milk Products.

    1262Raw milk for manufactured milk products.


    1269Cooled to 50º F (10º C) or less within four (4) hours or less, of the commencement of the first milking, and to 45º F (7º C) or less within two hours after the completion of milking. Provided, the blend temperature after the first and subsequent milkings does not exceed 50º F (10º C).

    1323Bacterial limits

    1325Individual producer milk not to exceed 500,000 CFU/ml. prior to commingling with other producer milk. Not to exceed 1,000,000 CFU/ml. as commingled milk prior to processing.


    1355No positive result with drug residue methods referenced in Section 6 of the PMO.

    1369Somatic Cell Count

    1372Individual producer milk: Not to exceed 750,000 per ml. Goat milk: Not to exceed 1,000,000 per ml.

    1392Cheeses made with pasteurized milk or pasteurized reconstituted milk.


    1402Cheeses shall comply with 14067 CFR Part 58.154.


    1411Not to exceed 10/gram.



    1417Cheeses made from non-pasteurized (raw) milk shall comply with 14267 CFR Part 58.439.


    1431Cheeses shall comply with 14357 CFR Part 58.154.


    1440Not to exceed 10/gram.



    1446E. coli






    1454Not to exceed 40°F.


    1459Not to exceed 10/gr1463am.


    1465Not to exceed 20/gram.

    1469Rulemaking Authority 1471502.014, 1472503.031 FS. Law Implemented 1476502.014, 1477502.042, 1478502.091, 1479503.031 FS. History–New 9-21-67, Amended 9-26-69, 12-24-71, 1-26-81, 8-31-82, 8-16-84, Formerly 5D-1.07, Amended 10-9-86, 5-19-87, 12-29-88, 6-27-90, 8-29-93, 12-4-94, 7-2-95, 10-15-03, 4-14-08, Formerly 15025D-1.007.