64J-1.004. Medical Direction  

Effective on Monday, January 28, 2019
  • 1(1) Each ALS, BLS or air ambulance provider shall maintain on file for inspection and copying by the department its current contract for a medical director by which it procures the services of physician qualified pursuant to this section to be its medical director.

    45(2) Qualifications:

    47(a) A medical director shall be a Florida licensed M.D. or D.O.

    59(b) In addition to all other provisions applicable to medical directors in this rule, an air ambulance medical director shall be knowledgeable of the aeromedical requirements of patients and shall evaluate each patient in person or by written protocol prior to each interfacility transfer flight for the purpose of determining that the aircraft, flight and medical crew, and equipment meet the patient’s needs.

    122(3) The duties and responsibilities of the licensed EMS provider medical director include:

    135(a) Develop medically correct standing orders or protocols which permit specified ALS and BLS procedures when communication cannot be established with a supervising physician or when any delay in patient care would potentially threaten the life or health of the patient. The medical director shall issue standing orders and protocols to the provider to ensure that the provider transports each of its patients to facilities that offer a type and level of care appropriate to the patient’s medical condition if available within the service region. The medical director or his appointee shall provide continuous 24-hour-per-day, 7-day-per-week medical direction which shall include in addition to the development of protocols and standing orders, direction to personnel of the provider as to availability of medical direction “off-line” service to resolve problems, system conflicts, and provide services in an emergency as that term is defined by section 278252.34(3), F.S.

    280(b) Develop and implement a patient care quality assurance system to assess the medical performance of paramedics and EMTs. The medical director shall audit the performance of system personnel by use of a quality assurance program to include but not be limited to a prompt review of patient care records, direct observation, and comparison of performance standards for drugs, equipment, system protocols and procedures. The medical director shall be responsible for participating in quality assurance programs developed by the department.

    360(c) With the exception of BLS medical directors, each ALS or air ambulance service medical director shall possess proof of current registration as a medical director, either individually or through a hospital, with the U.S. Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), to provide controlled substances to an EMS provider. DEA registration shall include each address at which controlled substances are stored. Proof of such registration shall be maintained on file with each ALS or air ambulance provider and shall be readily available for inspection.

    445(d) Ensure and certify that security procedures of the EMS provider for medications, fluids and controlled substances are in compliance with chapters 499 and 893, F.S., and chapter 61N-1, F.A.C.

    475(e) Create, authorize and ensure adherence to, detailed written operating procedures regarding all aspects of the handling of medications, fluids and controlled substances by the provider.

    501(f) Notify the department in writing of each substitution by the EMS provider of equipment or medication.

    518(g) Assume direct responsibility for: the use of an automatic or semi-automatic defibrillator; the use of a glucometer; the administration of asprin; the use of any medicated auto injector; the performance of airway patency techniques including airway adjuncts, not to include endotracheal intubation; and on routine interfacility transports, the monitoring and maintenance of non-medicated I.V.s by an EMT. The medical director shall ensure that the EMT is trained to perform these procedures; shall establish written protocols for the performance of these procedures; and shall provide written evidence to the department documenting compliance with provisions of this paragraph.

    615(h) An EMT employed by a licensed ALS provider is authorized to start a non-medicated IV under the following conditions:

    6351. A non-medicated IV is initiated only in accordance with department approved protocols of the licensed ALS provider’s medical director. These protocols must include a requirement that the non-medicated IV be initiated in the presence of a Florida certified paramedic (of the same licensed provider) who directs the EMT to initiate the IV.

    6882. If the licensed ALS provider elects to utilize EMTs in this capacity, the licensed EMS provider shall ensure that the medical director provides IV Therapy training deemed sufficient by the medical director. The licensed EMS provider shall document successful completion of such training in each EMTs training file and make documentation available to the department upon request.

    746(i) Ensure that all EMTs and paramedics are trained in the use of the trauma scorecard methodologies as provided in Rule 76764J-2.004, 768F.A.C., for adult trauma patients and Rule 77564J-2.005, 776F.A.C., for pediatric trauma patients.

    781(j) Develop and revise when necessary TTPs for submission to the department for approval.

    795(k) Participate in direct contact time with EMS field level providers for a minimum of 10 hours per year. Notwithstanding the number of EMS providers served by the medical director, direct contact time shall be a minimum of 10 hours per year per medical director, not per provider.

    843(4) Medical directors of a training program shall:

    851(a) Be responsible for the instruction of the Department of Transportation (DOT) approved training programs for EMTs and paramedics that are adopted by subparagraphs 87564J-1.008(1)(a)1. 876and 87764J-1.009(1)(a)1., 878F.A.C., respectively.

    880(b) Have substantial knowledge of the qualifications, training, protocols, and quality assurance programs for the training facility.

    897(c) Maintain current instructor level training in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), or equivalent, or Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS), maintain provider or instructor level training in International Trauma Life Support (ITLS), Prehospital Trauma Life Support (PHTLS), or Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS); and Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), Pediatric Education for Prehospital Professionals (PEPP), or Emergency Pediatric Care (EPC).

    962(d) Act as a liaison between training centers, local EMS providers and hospitals.

    975(e) Participate in state and local quality assurance and data collections programs.

    987(f) Be available 4 hours per month for classroom teaching or review of student performance, and participate in direct contact time with EMS field level providers for a minimum of 10 hours per year. Notwithstanding the number of training centers or EMS providers served by the medical director, direct contact time shall be a minimum of 10 hours per year per medical director, not per training center.

    1054(g) Provide written documentation to the department that confirms the medical director has reviewed and approved all policies, procedures, and methods used for the orientation of instructors and preceptors.

    1083(h) P1085rovide written documentation to the department that confirms the medical director has reviewed and approved all student testing procedures, evaluators and assessment tools used for each comprehensive final written (cognitive) and practical examination (psychomotor skills) for EMT and paramedic students. The medical director shall review each student’s performance on the comprehensive final written (cognitive) and practical examination (psychomotor skills) before certifying a student has successfully completed all phases of the educational program and EMTs are proficient in BLS techniques and paramedics are proficient in ALS techniques.

    1171(5) The medical director of a licensed EMS provider may authorize paramedics under his or her supervision to perform immunizations pursuant to a written agreement with a County Health Department in the county in which the immunizations are to be performed. Should the medical director elect to utilize paramedics in this capacity, he or she shall verify on DH Form 1256, Certification of Training, 06/17, incorporated by reference and available from the department at 1245http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-09950, 1247that each paramedic authorized to administer immunizations has received sufficient training and experience to administer immunizations, as determined by the medical director.

    1269Rulemaking Authority 1271395.405, 1272401.265, 1273401.272, 1274401.35 FS. 1276Law Implemented 1278401.23, 1279401.24, 1280401.25, 1281401.26, 1282401.265, 1283401.27, 1284401.2701, 1285401.272, 1286401.281, 1287401.2915, 1288401.30, 1289401.34, 1290401.35, 1291401.411, 1292893.02(23), 1293893.13(9) FS. 1295History–New 8-7-89, Amended 6-6-90, 12-10-92, 1-26-97, Formerly 10D-66.0505, Amended 8-4-98, 1-3-99, 2-20-00, 4-15-01, 11-19-01, 10-24-05, 12-18-06, Formerly 131264E-2.004, 1313Amended 5-27-10, 1-28-19.