65C-28.009. Transition to Adulthood  


Effective on Monday, July 29, 2019
  • 1(1) Beginning at age 13, children and young adults in out-of-home care require additional support and coordination necessary to develop the skills to successfully transition to adulthood. The additional supports and coordination are typically provided through independent living services programs; however, most life skills will be developed through normal day to day activities in the children and young adults natural living environments.

    63(a) Independent living services may also be referenced as transitional services. These types of services encompass a range of assistance categories, all geared toward preparing children and young adults for independence. The categories of programs and services to prepare for the transition to a successful adulthood include independent living needs assessment, academic support, post-secondary educational support, career preparation, employment programs or vocational training, budget and financial management, housing education and home management training, health education and risk prevention, family support and healthy marriage education, mentoring and, when young adults are eligible supervised independent living, room and board financial assistance, education financial assistance, and other financial assistance.

    169(b) Children and young adults with physical, intellectual, emotional, or psychiatric conditions shall be provided with an equal opportunity to develop life skills and, if eligible, participate in the continuum of independent living services.

    203(c) Community-based care lead agencies (CBCs) must ensure children and young adults are assessed and provided with age or developmentally appropriate training opportunities to develop independent living skills.

    231(d) Both independent living informal and formal needs assessments of life skill competency must be completed to determine the child’s or young adult’s strengths and needs.

    2571. Informal assessments shall be conducted monthly during routine home visits to evaluate progress of the skills developed based on the child’s or young adult’s participation in age-appropriate life activities as defined in sections 29139.4091 292and 293409.145, F.S. 295Informal assessments shall be documented on the “Life Skills Progress Documentation Log,” CF-FSP 5444, Apr 2019, incorporated by reference and available at 318http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-10803320.

    3212. Formal assessments are designed to take inventory of the child or young adult’s strengths and needs regarding independent living skills competency. The child welfare professional may utilize the child’s or young adult’s case records or other life skill assessment tools to conduct the assessment.

    366a. At minimum, formal independent living needs assessments shall be administered annually beginning at age 16 years of age. 

    385b. The outcome of the assessment shall be the basis of an individualized life skills plan that details the activities needed for a child’s and young adult’s preparation to adulthood.

    4153. In addition to self-disclosure from the child or young adult on the development of skills, a statement regarding the progress shall also be received from the caregiver and provided in a social study report for judicial review. If a young adult is not living with a caregiver, a statement on the progress from the child welfare professional must be included in the social study report for judicial review.

    4844. Life skill deficiencies identified through informal and formal assessments shall be included in a case plan and when applicable in the transition plan.

    5085. Formal and informal assessments shall be uploaded into the Florida Safe Families Network (FSFN.)

    523(2) Beginning at age 14, children and young adults in out-of-home care require an evaluation of their consumer credit history annually to check for accuracy. 

    548(a) CBCs must ensure credit reports are obtained for each eligible child and young adult from each of the three main reporting agencies: Transunion, Equifax, and Experian.

    575(b) CBCs must ensure a copy of the results is provided to the child or young adult.

    592(c) CBCs must ensure assistance is provided regarding interpreting the results of the credit report and when needed assisting in resolving any inaccuracies.

    615(d) Credit reports shall be uploaded into FSFN.

    623(3) Beginning at age 14, any case plan development must be in consultation with the child or young adult.

    642CBCs must ensure the case plan includes a document regarding the rights of the child or young adult to education, health, visitation, court participation, and safety.

    668(4) Beginning at age 15, children and young adults shall be provided the opportunity to obtain a driver’s license or learner’s permit. CBCs must ensure that efforts to assist the youth in obtaining a driver’s license or learners permit are reported to the court.

    712(5) Beginning at age 16, children shall be assisted with developing a transition plan which is to be finalized and filed with the court at the 17-year-old’s judicial review hearing required by section 74539.701(3), F.S.

    747(a) Children with an identified permanency goal of Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement (APPLA) must have the court’s determination that APPLA is the best permanency plan for the child and why it is not in the child’s best interest to return home, be adopted, or be placed with a legal guardian or fit and willing relative.

    803(b) The child welfare professional shall request the court order include the following:

    8161. The court’s inquiry of the child regarding the desired permanency outcome;

    8282. A finding that the CBC has made ongoing efforts to return the child home or secure a placement with a fit and willing relative, a legal guardian, or an adoptive parent;

    8603. A description of how the child’s current placement is following the reasonable and prudent parent standard; and

    8784. A finding that the CBC has provided the child with opportunities to engage in age or developmentally appropriate activities.

    898(6) Beginning at age 17, children are to be provided with the records and resources listed in subparagraphs 91639.701(3)(a)1.-15., F.S. 918A social study report that supports the exchange of the required records and resources must be filed with the court.

    938(7) Compliance with subsections (2) through (6) shall be documented in FSFN.

    950Rulemaking Authority 95239.012, 95339.0121(13), 95439.4091(4), 955409.145(5) 956FS. Law Implemented 95939.4091, 96039.6012(3)(c), 96139.6035, 96239.6251, 96339.701, 964409.145 965FS. History–New 5-4-06, Amended 5-8-16, 7-29-19.