67-21.014. MMRB Credit Underwriting Procedures  


Effective on Thursday, July 11, 2019
  • 1Credit Underwriting is a de novo review of all information supplied, received or discovered during or after any application scoring process, prior to the closing on funding. 28The success of an Applicant in being selected for funding is not an indication that the Applicant will receive a positive recommendation from the Credit Underwriter or that the Development team’s experience, past performance or financial capacity is satisfactory.

    67(1) An invitation into Credit Underwriting shall require that the Applicant submit the Credit Underwriting and appraisal fee and information required to complete the Credit Underwriting, to the Credit Underwriter in accordance with the schedule established by the Corporation upon the recommendation of the Credit Underwriter. Failure to submit the Credit Underwriting and appraisal fee or meet the deadlines as set forth in the schedule shall result in the immediate termination of Credit Underwriting activities.

    142(2) The Credit Underwriter shall in Credit Underwriting analyze and review all information in the Application, or any proposed changes made subsequent thereto, in order to make a recommendation to the Board of Directors on the feasibility of the Development, without taking into account the willingness of a Credit Enhancer to provide Credit Enhancement. Credit Underwriting services shall include a comprehensive analysis of the Applicant, the real estate, the economics of the Development, the ability of the Applicant and the Development team to proceed, and the evidence of need for affordable housing in order to determine that the Development meets the MMRB Program requirements. The Credit Underwriter shall determine a recommended Bond amount that should be made to a Development, whether an initial loan or a refunding.

    269(a) If the Credit Underwriter determines that special expertise is required to review information submitted to the Credit Underwriter which is beyond the scope of normal underwriting procedures, the cost of such expertise shall be borne by the Applicant.

    308(b) The Credit Underwriter shall review the proposed financing structure to determine whether the MMRB Loan is feasible. 326The Credit Underwriter shall also request and review such other information as it deems appropriate to determine whether or not to provide a positive recommendation in connection with a proposed Development. 357In making that determination the Credit Underwriter will consider the prior and recent performance history of the Applicant, Developer, any Financial Beneficiary of the Applicant or Developer, and the General Contractor in connection with any other affordable housing development. The performance history shall consider instances involving a foreclosure, deed in lieu of foreclosure, financial arrearage, or other event of material default in connection with any affordable housing development or the documents governing financing or operation of any such development.

    436(c) Unless the Credit Underwriter determines that mitigating factors exist, or that underwriting conditions can be imposed, sufficient to mitigate or offset the risk, the existence of the following shall result in a negative recommendation of the proposed Development by the Credit Underwriter:

    4791. Considering all affordable housing developments in which any party named above has been involved, if:

    495a. During the period prior to August 1, 2010, 5 percent or more of that party’s developments have been the subject of a foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure, or in financial arrearage or other material default and such arrearage or material default remained uncured for a period of 60 days or more, or

    550b. During the period beginning on or after August 1, 2010, any of that party’s developments have been the subject of a foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure, or in financial arrearage or other material default and such arrearage or material default is uncured at the present or, if cured, remained uncured for a period of 60 days or more.

    6112. Mitigating factors to be considered by the Credit Underwriter, to the extent such information is reasonably available and verifiable, shall include the extent to which the party funded the operations of the development from that party’s own funds in an attempt to keep the development afloat, the election by a party to forego financial participation in a development in an attempt to keep the development afloat, the party’s satisfactory performance history over the last ten (10) years in connection with that party’s affordable housing developments, and any other extenuating circumstances deemed relevant by the Credit Underwriter in connection with the party’s involvement in a development.

    7173. A negative recommendation may also result from the review of:

    728a. An Applicant, Developer, any Financial Beneficiary of the Applicant or Developer, and the General Contractor in connection with any other affordable housing development,

    752b. Financial capacity of an Applicant, Developer, any Financial Beneficiary of the Applicant or Developer, and the General Contractor, and for MMRB Applicants that have Housing Credits, the Housing Credit Syndicator, or

    784c. Any other relevant matters relating to an Applicant, Developer, any Financial Beneficiary of the Applicant or Developer, and the General Contractor if, in the Credit Underwriter’s opinion, one or more members of the Development team do not possess the ability to proceed.

    827(d) In addition to operating expenses, the Credit Underwriter must include an estimate for replacement reserves when calculating the final net operating income available to service the debt. A minimum amount of $300 per unit per annum must be deposited annually in the replacement reserve account for all Developments. In the case of rehabilitation, with or without acquisition, the greater of $300 per unit per annum or the amount identified in the capital needs assessment (“CNA”) will be used.

    9061. 907The initial replacement reserve will have limitations on the ability to be drawn upon during the following time periods:

    926a. New construction or Redevelopment Developments shall not be allowed to draw during the first five (5) years or until the establishment of a minimum balance equal to the accumulation of five (5) years of replacement reserves per unit, or

    966b. Preservation or Rehabilitation Developments (with or without acquisition) shall not be allowed to draw until the start of the scheduled replacement activities as outlined in the pre-construction CNA report subject to the activities completed in the scope of rehabilitation, but not sooner than the 3rd year.

    10132. The amount established as a replacement reserve shall be adjusted based on a CNA, prepared by an independent third party, ordered by a first mortgage lender, third party Credit Enhancer or a Housing Credit Syndicator, received by the Corporation or its servicers, and acceptable to the Corporation and its servicers at the time the CNA, is required, beginning no later than the 10th year after the first residential building in the development receives a certificate of occupancy, a temporary certificate of occupancy, or is placed in service, whichever is earlier (‘Initial Replacement Reserve Date’). A subsequent CNA, meeting the parameters of this section, is required no later than the 15th year after the Initial Replacement Reserve Date and subsequently every five (5) years thereafter. If the Applicant does not provide a copy of a CNA to the Corporation or its servicers, prepared by an independent third party and acceptable to the Corporation and its servicers within the stated time frames, then one shall be ordered by the Corporation or its servicers at the Applicant’s expense. The only events allowed to drop the balance below the minimum are items related to life safety, structural and systems as approved by the Corporation and its servicers. 1217In the event the first mortgage lender or a Housing Credit Syndicator requires replacement reserves with replacement reserve deposit requirements that include the same or higher deposits, the Corporation’s rights to hold replacement reserves and to disburse such funds shall be subject to the first mortgage lender or the Housing Credit Syndicator, as applicable. The replacement reserve funds are not to be used by the Applicant for normal maintenance and repairs but shall be used for structural building repairs, major building systems replacements and other items included on the Eligible Reserve for Replacement Items list, effective October 15, 2010, which is incorporated by reference and available on the Corporation’s website under the Multifamily Programs link labeled 1333Non-Competitive Funding Programs 1336or from 1338http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-02850, 1340and/or such items that can be capitalized and depreciated over multiple years. 1352An Applicant may choose to fund a portion of the replacement reserves at closing from moneys other than the proceeds of the Bonds. Unless approved by the Corporation and the Credit Underwriter, this partial funding cannot exceed 50 percent of the required replacement reserves for two (2) years and must be placed in escrow with the Bond Trustee at closing. Applicants with Credit Enhancement may employ a different replacement reserve structure with the Corporation’s approval.

    1427(e) At a minimum, each general partner (whether individual or entity) or each manager/managing member (whether individual or entity), as applicable, of the Applicant shall provide a guarantee for completion of construction. In addition, one or more entities or individuals (other than a general partner or manager/managing member) having an ownership interest, either directly or indirectly, in the Applicant or in the general partner or managing member of the Applicant shall be required to provide guarantees or personal guarantees, as applicable, for completion of construction as recommended by the Credit Underwriter or as otherwise required by the Corporation. The Corporation shall consider the following when determining the need for additional construction completion guarantees based on the recommendations of the Credit Underwriter:

    15481. Liquidity of any guarantee provider.

    15542. Applicant’s, Developer’s and General Contractor’s history in successfully completing Developments of similar nature.

    15683. The past performance of the Applicant, Developer, General Contractor, or any other guarantee provider, in developing or constructing Developments financed by the Corporation or its predecessor.

    15954. Percentage of the Corporation’s funds utilized compared to Total Development Costs. If, after evaluation of subparagraphs 1. through 4. above, by the Corporation and the Credit Underwriter, it is determined that additional surety is needed, the Applicant will be required to provide a letter of credit or payment and performance bond.

    1647(f) The Credit Underwriter shall review and make a recommendation to the Corporation whether the number of existing loans and construction commitments of the Applicant and its Principals will impede its ability to proceed with the successful development of each proposed Corporation Development.

    1690(g) The Credit Underwriter shall consider the appraisal of the Development and other market study documentation to make a recommendation as to whether the market exists to support both the demographic and income restriction set-asides committed to within the Application. The Credit Underwriter shall consider the market study and other documentation to make a recommendation of whether to approve or disapprove an allocation when the proposed Development would financially impair an existing Development previously funded by the Corporation.

    1768(h) For a 1771Development that has rehabilitation with or without acquisition, a CNA, 1781prepared in accordance with generally accepted industry investment grade standards, 1791shall be ordered 1794by the Credit Underwriter. I1799ts findings shall be used to determine the amount of rehabilitation 1810that will be carried out 1815and to set replacement reserves.

    1820(i) If the Credit Underwriter requires additional clarifying materials in the course of the underwriting process to complete the Credit Underwriting Report, the Credit Underwriter shall request the information from the Applicant. Such requested information shall be submitted within the timeframe established by the Credit Underwriter. Failure for any reason to submit required information on or before the specified deadline shall result in immediate termination of Credit Underwriting activities.

    1889(j) At a minimum, the Credit Underwriter shall require the following information during Credit Underwriting:

    19041. For Credit Enhancers, audited financial statements for their most recent fiscal year ended, if published; otherwise the previous year’s audited statements will be provided until the current statements are published or Credit Underwriting is complete. The audited statements may be waived if the credit enhancer’s senior long term debt rating is at least “A3” by Moody’s, or “A-” by Standard and Poor’s or Fitch.

    19692. For guarantors, audited financial statements or financial statements compiled or reviewed by a licensed Certified Public Accountant for the most recent fiscal year ended, credit check, banking and trade references, and deposit verifications. If financial statements that are either audited, compiled or reviewed by a licensed Certified Public Accountant are not available, unaudited financial statements prepared within the last 90 days and reviewed by the Credit Underwriter and the two (2) most recent years tax returns. If any of the applicable entities are newly formed (less than 18 months in existence as of the date that Credit Underwriting information is requested), a copy of any and all tax returns with related supporting notes and schedules. The financial statements and information provided for review should be in satisfactory form and shall be reviewed in accordance with Part IIIA, Sections 401 through 408 and 410, of the Fannie Mae Multifamily Selling and Servicing Guide, in effect as of June 10, 2015, which is incorporated by reference and available on the Corporation’s website under the Multifamily Programs link labeled Non-Competitive Funding Programs or from 2151http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-073572153. A certification meeting the criteria of the Multifamily Underwriting Certificate outlined in Section 407 may be used in lieu of the Multifamily Underwriting Certificate.

    21783. For the General Contractor, audited financial statements or financial statements compiled or reviewed by a licensed Certified Public Accountant for the most recent fiscal year ended, credit check, banking and trade references, and deposit verifications. The audited or compiled statements may be waived if a payment and performance bond equal to 100 percent of the total construction cost is issued in the name of the General Contractor by a company rated at least “A-” by AMBest & Co.

    22574. For the Applicant and general partner, audited financial statements or financial statements compiled or reviewed by a licensed Certified Public Accountant for the most recent fiscal year ended, credit check, banking and trade references, and deposit verifications. If the entities are newly formed (less than 18 months in existence as of the date that Credit Underwriting information is requested), a copy of any and all tax returns with related supporting notes and schedules.

    2331(k) The Credit Underwriter shall require an operating deficit guarantee. Upon written request of the guarantor(s) to the Corporation, the Credit Underwriter, or the servicers, the operating deficit guarantee will be released upon achievement of a 1.15x debt service coverage ratio for the MMRB Loan, as determined by the Corporation or its agent, and 90 percent occupancy, and 90 percent of the gross potential rental income, net of utility allowances, if applicable, all for a period equal to 12 consecutive months, all as certified by an independent Certified Public Accountant. The calculation of the debt service coverage ratio shall be made by the Corporation or its agent. The Credit Underwriter or servicer will determine whether all of the requirements described above have been met, including receipt, acceptance and verification of the documentation provided by the Certified Public Accountant, and will then submit a letter to the Corporation containing a positive or negative recommendation concerning the release of the operating deficit guarantee. If the Corporation’s decision is to deny the release of the operating deficit guarantee, the Board shall consider the facts and circumstances of the Applicant’s request and the Corporation’s denial, and make a determination of whether to grant the requested release. Notwithstanding the above, the operating deficit guarantee shall not be released prior to the earlier of the date which is three (3) years following the issuance of a final certificate of occupancy (or, in the event a final certificate of occupancy is not routinely provided by the applicable jurisdiction, such other information evidencing completion of the Development which is deemed acceptable to the Corporation), or the date on which the MMRB Loan is repaid.

    2607(l) The Credit Underwriter shall also require environmental indemnity and recourse obligation guarantees.

    2620(m) Required appraisals, market studies, pre-construction analyses, physical needs assessments, capital needs assessments and environmental studies (other than Phase I Environmental Site Assessments) shall be completed by professionals approved by the Credit Underwriter. Approval of appraisers and contractors to complete market and environmental studies shall be based upon review of qualifications, professional designations held, references and prior experience with similar types of Developments.

    2683(n) An appraisal report conforming to the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice in effect at the time of the appraisal and reported in a comprehensive format, and a separate market study shall be ordered by the Credit Underwriter from an appraiser qualified for the geographic area and development type not later than when an Application enters Credit Underwriting. The Credit Underwriter shall review the appraisals to properly evaluate the MMRB Loan request in relation to the property value.

    2762(o) Appraisals and separate market studies which have been ordered and submitted by third party Credit Enhancers or syndicators and which meet the above requirements and are acceptable to the Credit Underwriter may be used instead of the appraisal or market study referenced above.

    2806(p) The Credit Underwriting Report shall include a thorough analysis of the proposed Development and a statement as to whether a MMRB Loan is recommended, and if so, the amount recommended. The Credit Underwriter or the Corporation may request such additional information as is necessary to properly analyze the credit risk being presented to the Corporation and the Bond holders. 2866For the Credit Underwriter to make a favorable recommendation, the submarket of the proposed Development must have:

    28831. An average physical occupancy rate of 92 percent or greater; and,

    28952. For Developments with new construction units, an average market rental rate, based on unit mix and annualized rent concessions, of 110 percent or greater of a 60 percent of Area Median Income rental rate.

    2930(q) 2931Developer Fee shall be limited to 18 percent of Development Cost excluding land and operating deficit reserves. Consulting fees, if any, and any financial or other guarantees required for the financing must be paid out of the Developer Fee. Consulting fees include payments for Application consultants, construction management or supervision, Local Government consultants and property acquisition brokerage fees when in excess of the appropriate limit. The maximum brokerage fees shall be limited to the lesser of $300,000 or a percent of the acquisition price, which shall be set at 4 percent when the acquisition price is $5 million or less, 3 percent when the acquisition price is $10 million or less, and 2 percent when the acquisition price is in excess of $10 million. Fees of the Applicant’s or Developer’s attorney(s) awarded in conjunction with litigation against the Corporation with respect to a Development shall also not be included in Total Development Costs. Fees for services provided by architects, accountants, appraisers, engineers or financial advisors engaged by the Applicant as outlined in subsection 310567-21.0045(5), 3106F.A.C., may be included as part of the Total Development Costs, except that those fees for a financial advisor engaged by the Applicant that are in excess of $18,000 must be paid out of the Developer Fee. In the event of extraordinary circumstances, Applicant may petition the Board for relief from the cap on Investment Banker fees. The Corporation shall not authorize fees to be paid for duplicative services or duplicative overhead.

    3179(r) General Contractor’s fees are inclusive of general requirements, profit and overhead and shall be limited to 14 percent of actual construction costs. For the purpose of the HUD Risk Sharing Program, if there exists an Identity of Interest as defined herein between the Applicant or Developer and the General Contractor, the allowable fees shall in no case exceed the amount allowable pursuant to the HUD subsidy layering review requirements. Additionally, fees shall be allowed to be paid only to the person or entity that actually meets the definitional requirements to be considered a General Contractor. The Corporation shall not allow fees for duplicative services or duplicative overhead. The General Contractor must meet the following conditions:

    32951. Employ a Development superintendent and charge the costs of such employment to the general requirements line item of the General Contractor’s budget inclusive of the general requirement items related to construction costs identified in The Final Cost Certification Application Package,

    33362. Charge the costs of the Development construction trailer, if needed, and other overhead to the general requirements line item of the General Contractor’s budget,

    33613. Secure building permits, issued in the name of the General Contractor,

    33734. If deemed necessary by the Corporation and the Credit Underwriter in their evaluation of construction completion guarantees in paragraph (2)(e), above, secure a payment and performance bond whose terms do not adversely affect the Corporation’s interest, issued in the name of the General Contractor, from a company rated at least “A-” by AMBest & Co., or 3430a Corporation-approved alternate security for the General Contractor’s performance such as a letter of credit issued by a financial institution with a senior long term (or equivalent) credit rating of at least “Baa3” by Moody’s, or at least “BBB-” by Standard & Poor’s or Fitch, or a financial rating of at least 175 by IDC Financial Publishing,

    34875. Ensure that none of the General Contractor duties to manage and control the construction of the Development are subcontracted,

    35076. Ensure that no construction or inspection work that is normally performed by subcontractors is performed by the General Contractor,

    35277. Ensure that not more than 20 percent of the construction cost, not to include the General Contractor fee or pass-through fees paid by the General Contractor, is subcontracted to any one entity or any group of entities that have common ownership or are Affiliates of any other subcontractor, 3576with the exception of a subcontractor (or any group of entities that have common ownership or are Affiliates of any other subcontractor) contracted to deliver the building shell of a building of at least five (5) stories which may not have more than 31 percent of the construction cost in a subcontract, 3628unless otherwise approved by the Corporation for a specific Development3638. 3639A subcontractor (or any group of entities that have common ownership or are Affiliates of any other subcontractor) contracted to deliver the building shell of a Development located in the Florida Keys Area may not have more than 31 percent of the construction cost in a subcontract, unless otherwise approved by the Corporation for a specific Development. 3696With regard to said approval, the 3702Corporation 3703shall consider the facts and circumstances of each Applicant’s request, inclusive of construction costs and the General Contractor’s fee3722. For purposes of this paragraph, “Affiliate” has the meaning given in subsection 373567-21.002(5), 3736F.A.C., except that the term “Applicant” therein shall mean “subcontractor”; 3746and,

    37478. Ensure that no construction cost is subcontracted to any entity that has common ownership or is an Affiliate of the General Contractor or the Developer. 3773For purposes of this paragraph, “Affiliate” has the meaning given it in subsection 378667-21.002(5), 3787F.A.C., except that the term “Applicant” therein shall mean “General Contractor.”

    3798(3) The Applicant shall review and provide written comments on the draft Credit Underwriting Report to the Corporation and the Credit Underwriter within the time frame established by the Corporation. The Corporation shall provide comments on the draft report and, as applicable, on the Applicant’s comments to the Credit Underwriter. The Credit Underwriter shall then review and incorporate the Corporation’s and, if deemed appropriate, the Applicant’s comments and release the revised report to the Corporation and the Applicant. Any additional comments from the Applicant shall be received by the Corporation and the Credit Underwriter within the established time frame. Then, the Credit Underwriter shall provide a final report, which shall address comments made by the Applicant to the Corporation.

    3917(4) After approval by the Board of Directors following presentation of the Credit Underwriting Report and payment of the good faith deposit, Corporation staff and Special Counsel shall begin negotiations of the MMRB Loan Commitment with the Applicant.

    3955(5) At a minimum, a 10 percent retainage will be held by the Trustee or the servicer administering the construction loan funds until the Development is 50 percent complete. At 50 percent completion, no additional retainage will be held from the remaining draws. The total retainage dollars will be held by the Trustee or the servicer and released pursuant to the terms of the construction loan agreement.

    4022Rulemaking Authority 4024420.507, 4025420.508 FS. 4027Law Implemented 4029420.507, 4030420.508, 4031420.508(3)(b)3., 4032420.509 FS. 4034History–New 1-7-98, Formerly 9I-21.014, Amended 1-26-99, 11-14-99, 1-26-00, 2-11-01, 3-17-02, 4-6-03, 3-21-04, 2-7-05, 1-29-06, 4-1-07, 3-30-08, 8-6-09, 11-7-11, 7-16-13, 2-2-15, 9-15-16, 5-24-17, 7-8-18, 7-11-19.